Our dog is regular seizures that are becoming more frequent. We need advice on what to do!

Question: 

Our 3-year-old Pembroke Welsh Corgi is suffering from seizures that last less than two minutes. He starts twitching and his legs get stiff. They started back a few months ago and are becoming more frequent. We noticed it happens when he tries to sleep, as he starts having them as soon as he's about to fall asleep. We have asked many vets and no one seems to know what the cause is or what to do. We really need help. We love our Corgi and don't want to see him suffer any longer. 

Answer: 

Although another disorder is possible, your Corgi appears to be having epileptic seizures. Your local vet can perform blood tests to look for metabolic causes for the seizures. If blood tests have been completed and are normal, these results tend to suggest a primary neurologic cause for the seizures. In a young dog (1-3 years of age), either idiopathic (cause unknown) or genetic epilepsy is the most common cause for seizures, especially if there are no other signs of neurologic disease (confusion, dizziness, abnormal behavior, circling). For most young epileptic dogs, the decision to start medication is based on the frequency of seizures. Since the frequency seems to be increasing and your dog may have had a cluster of seizures (multiple epileptic seizures in a single day), this typically means it is worth starting an anti-seizure medication. Phenobarbital is the most common anti-seizure medication for dogs, but there are other newer medications that might be more appropriate for yours. You could ask your local vet for a referral to a veterinary neurologist to discuss medication options or for potentially more testing to look for other causes of these seizures.