Emergency and Critical Care

A specialist in emergency and critical care is a specially trained veterinarian who is dedicated to treating life-threatening conditions. They must first be a graduate veterinarian and then receive a minimum of 3 additional years of intense residency training in emergency, surgery and critical care with an American College of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care (ACVECC)-approved training program. Once the veterinarian has completed these years of specialty residency training, the individual must pass a board-certification examination. Upon successful completion of the training and passing of the examination, the veterinarian is a Diplomate of the ACVECC, is termed a “specialist”, and is board-certified in veterinary emergency and critical care.

Brain Tumor in Cats and Dogs

Brain tumors are relatively common in older dogs and cats. Some tumors are "primary" brain tumors, meaning that they originate from the tissue in the brain cavity, and some are "secondary" brain tumors, or those that originate from outside the brain cavity but then invade the brain by extension (for example, from the nose) or via the blood (metastasis). Most brain tumors are diagnosed in dogs and cats older than 5 years and mainly in pets 9 years of age and older. Younger animals, though, can also be affected. Read more about Brain Tumor in Cats and Dogs


The lens of the eye and the cornea function to direct light to the retina, which is the sensitive nerve tissue layer located in the back of the eye. In a healthy eye, the lens is transparent or clear. A cataract is an opacity or cloudiness of the lens that causes light to scatter, interfering with the way light reaches the retina. Cataracts are a common, but not exclusive, cause of vision loss. Read more about Cataracts


Your pet’s skin, like your skin, is composed of different layers. Pyoderma is a bacterial infection of the skin. This infection has the possibility of penetrating through the first layer of skin (called the epidermis) and infecting the underlying layers. Superficial pyodermas are in the skin near its surface, and characterized by circular crusty lesions or red pimples. Deep pyodermas occur when bacteria invade beyond the hair follicle. Deep pyoderma is characterized by a pus build-up that can be expressed from the skin lesions. Read more about Pyoderma

Dilated Cardiomyopathy

What is dilated cardiomyopathy, and what does this diagnosis mean for your pet? Knowing about the condition and how it affects your pet goes a long way in helping your family cope with a diagnosis of heart disease, and can also help you provide your beloved pet with the best care and quality of life. Dilated cardiomyopathy, also referred to as DCM, is a disease that does not develop until your pet is an adult. The breeds most commonly affected by DCM are the Doberman and other large- to giant-breed dogs, but it can also develop in medium-sized dogs, such as the Cocker Spaniel. Read more about Dilated Cardiomyopathy