Pericardial Effusion

Pericardial effusion is fluid in the sac (pericardium) that surrounds the heart. As the fluid accumulates it puts pressure on the heart and does not allow for normal function of the heart.  If the heart cannot pump properly, the animal then goes into shock and death can occur.  There are numerous causes for pericardial effusion such as neoplasia (cancer), idiopathic, infection, heart disease, clotting abnormalities, toxins and trauma.  In dogs, the most common causes are neoplasia and idiopathic. Read more about Pericardial Effusion

Pulmonic Stenosis (PS)

Pulmonic stenosis, or PS, is considered one of the most common congenital (present at birth) heart defects in the dog, but is rare in feline patients. In general, PS refers to a narrowing at or near the pulmonic valve; however, there are variations in this defect depending upon the specific location of the narrowing (stenosis).  Read more about Pulmonic Stenosis (PS)

Patent Ductus Arteriosus

A patent ductus arteriosus, or PDA, is considered the most common congenital (present at birth) heart defect in dogs. This defect occurs due to failure of the ductus arteriosus, a normal blood vessel present in the developing fetus, close to or just after birth. As a result, the ductus arteriosus remains open, or ‘patent.’ Read more about Patent Ductus Arteriosus

Mitral Regurgitation (MR)

Roughly 1 in 10 dogs will develop some sort of heart disease. Mitral regurgitation (MR) is a heart disease caused by a degenerative process that occurs in most dogs as they age. This process causes the mitral valve (found between the upper and lower left chambers of the heart) to leak. Read more about Mitral Regurgitation (MR)

Dilated Cardiomyopathy

What is dilated cardiomyopathy, and what does this diagnosis mean for your pet? Knowing about the condition and how it affects your pet goes a long way in helping your family cope with a diagnosis of heart disease, and can also help you provide your beloved pet with the best care and quality of life. Dilated cardiomyopathy, also referred to as DCM, is a disease that does not develop until your pet is an adult. The breeds most commonly affected by DCM are the Doberman and other large- to giant-breed dogs, but it can also develop in medium-sized dogs, such as the Cocker Spaniel. Read more about Dilated Cardiomyopathy