In addition to an undergraduate degree and four years of veterinary school, a veterinary surgeon has undergone extensive training in order to become a specialist. This training consists of a minimum of a 1-year internship followed by a 3-year residency program. The surgical residency requires specific training, case load variety and publishing in scientific journals before the veterinarian is eligible to sit for the extensive board certification examination. Board certified surgeons are referred to as “Diplomate of the American College of Veterinary Surgeons” or a “board-certified surgeon.”

Total Ear Canal Ablation (TECA)


A total ear canal ablation (TECA) means removal of the ear canals. Many times it is performed on both ears at once. It is an operation that is performed when an animal has severe inflammatory disease of the external ear canal or when a growth, such as cancer, is present within the ear canal or middle ear cavity.

To understand why this procedure might be necessary, it’s important to first understand the anatomy of your pet’s ear and the surrounding area. Read more about Total Ear Canal Ablation (TECA)

Brain Tumor in Cats and Dogs

Brain tumors are relatively common in older dogs and cats. Some tumors are "primary" brain tumors, meaning that they originate from the tissue in the brain cavity, and some are "secondary" brain tumors, or those that originate from outside the brain cavity but then invade the brain by extension (for example, from the nose) or via the blood (metastasis). Most brain tumors are diagnosed in dogs and cats older than 5 years and mainly in pets 9 years of age and older. Younger animals, though, can also be affected. Read more about Brain Tumor in Cats and Dogs


The lens of the eye and the cornea function to direct light to the retina, which is the sensitive nerve tissue layer located in the back of the eye. In a healthy eye, the lens is transparent or clear. A cataract is an opacity or cloudiness of the lens that causes light to scatter, interfering with the way light reaches the retina. Cataracts are a common, but not exclusive, cause of vision loss. Read more about Cataracts

Canine Hip Dysplasia (CHD)

Canine Hip Dysplasia (CHD) is a developmental condition of the hip joints. Any breed can develop this condition; however, large breeds are the most commonly affected. Male and female dogs are affected with equal frequency. It is one of the most common skeletal diseases seen by veterinarians although the actual incidence of canine hip dysplasia is unknown. Hip dysplasia is a disorder of the hip that begins with joint laxity and progresses to arthritis over a period of several months to years. Read more about Canine Hip Dysplasia (CHD)