Lymphangiectasia is a type of intestinal disorder that affects dogs of any age and breed, There are tiny lymphatic vessels within the small intestine that are important in absorbing nutrients from the intestinal tract. In lymphangiectasia, these lymphatics become atrophied (shriveled up) or plugged with abnormal cells such as white blood cells or cancer cell. When this happens, the body is deprived of proteins, fats and fat-soluble vitamins. This in turn, also causes abnormal levels of hormones and blood clotting factors. Read more about Lymphangiectasia

Tooth Resorption in Cats

Previously known as ‘feline odontoclastic resorptive lesions (FORLs) or ‘neck lesions’, tooth resorption is one of the most prevelant oral diseases found in cats.  It’s thought that up to two-thirds of the cat population over the age of five years are affected by the condition, and it is one of the most common reasons for tooth loss and tooth extraction in cats.


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Cholangiohepatitis in Cats

What is Cholangiohepatitis?

Cholangiohepatitis is a common form of liver disease that can affect cats of any age or breed. Cats with this disease develop inflammation of their liver and bile ducts (small vessels within the liver) that is sometimes associated with other concurrent diseases. The inflammation is caused by an invasion from the bloodstream of different types of white blood cells that are active in the immune system. Cholangiohepatitis is classified as either an acute disease (termed suppurative) or a chronic disease (non-suppurative). Younger male cats seem to get acute cholangiohepatitis more commonly than female cats.
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Pericardial Effusion

Pericardial effusion is fluid in the sac (pericardium) that surrounds the heart. As the fluid accumulates it puts pressure on the heart and does not allow for normal function of the heart.  If the heart cannot pump properly, the animal then goes into shock and death can occur.  There are numerous causes for pericardial effusion such as neoplasia (cancer), idiopathic, infection, heart disease, clotting abnormalities, toxins and trauma.  In dogs, the most common causes are neoplasia and idiopathic. Read more about Pericardial Effusion

Ringworm (Dermatophytosis)

What is Ringworm?

Ringworm (dermatophytosis) is a fungal infection of the hair, skin, and occasionally nails. Three species of ringworm cause the majority of infections: Microsporum canis (M. canis), Microsporum gypseum, and Trichophyton mentagrophytes. The most common sources of infection are other infected pets, rodents, contaminated environments, and soil. It occurs more frequently in kittens, puppies, immunocompromised animals, and long-haired cats. Read more about Ringworm (Dermatophytosis)

Megacolon in Cats

A cat’s gastrointestinal (GI) tract consists of a tube that runs from the mouth to the anus. Its function is to digest food and absorb nutrients into the body. The stomach is a dilated part of the GI tract that produces acids, which helps with the initial breakdown of proteins. The small intestine extends from the stomach to the colon and serves to further breakdown food into absorbable nutrients. The colon has a larger diameter than the small intestine and is the reservoir for stool; it serves as a water absorber and is the site for the production of certain vitamins by bacteria. The intestinal wall consists of a layer of muscle that propels feces out of the body during bowel movements. Small collections of nerves called Auerbach’s complexes are located within the muscle layer that stimulates the muscle to contract. Read more about Megacolon in Cats

Lily Toxicity

Spring is here and we all know that spring showers bring flowers, including Lilies!  Whether these beautiful flowers are in our yard or given as a gift, it is important to remember that they are toxic to cats!  It is very important to know which type of lily you have, as not all lilies are toxic to cats.  Hemerocallis, day lilies, and Lilium, true lilies, are the types that cause renal failure in our cats.  Cats that chew or eat any part of the plant/flower can experience kidney insult and should be evaluat Read more about Lily Toxicity

Feline Urethral Obstruction ("Blocked Cat")

Urethral obstructions are life-threatening emergencies that can occur with our pets.  They commonly occur in male cats due to the urethra being narrower than in females.  Urethral obstructions can be caused by plugs (a mix of mucus, crystals and inflammatory cells), stones, blood clots, masses or congenital defects.  Environment and stress can also play a role in cats becoming obstructed as stressed cats can have a greater inflammatory response and increased urethral spasms.  Read more about Feline Urethral Obstruction ("Blocked Cat")